Estonia is a small country with a population of 1.3 million and with an area of 45,228 square kilometers. The capital city of Estonia is Tallinn and the currency used in there is Euro (€). The official language is Estonian, but English, Russian, and German are fairly widely spoken, particularly in the areas visited by tourists. Beautiful, small and clean, these three words can describe Estonia, one of Europe's most visited countries. It is situated in northern-eastern Europe. Beautiful white beaches of Baltic Sea surrounded Estonia from west and north. Lake Peipsi and Narva River are running in the east of Estonia. Actually, Tallinn the capital city of Estonia is 85 km far from Helsinki, the capital city of Finland. The weather of Estonia is comfortable as compare to other European countries. It has temperature and mild climate, summer of Estonia is warm and peaceful which attracts to Estonia every year. Winter here is quite severe. In summer average temperature can be 20.9 C and in winter its average is -8 C. weather is pretty breezy and humid due to neighborhood of Baltic Sea. Sometimes temperature rise to 30 C in summer and drop to -23 C in winter.
Economy of Estonia
Financially Estonia is better country. Its economy is rising due to ports of Baltic sea, due to its helping policies for businesses Estonia has become land of opportunities for business investors and multinational companies because it is surrounded by world strong economies like Scandinavia, Russia, Germany, and Poland. There is lot of opportunities for people in IT field, because Estonia is one of the countries where IT is growing rapidly. It is homeland of "Skype" world's most popular communication app, "Skype" was developed by four Estonian engineers.
Why study in Estonia
Student life in Estonia is full of activities and events. There are many organizations and events that help foreign students to settle into Estonian life and create a social network in the country. They organize a variety of events for international students, such as excursions, company visits, trips and social gatherings, photo competitions, bike trips, quiz tournaments etc. Besides this, universities also have different student clubs and interest groups, that help foster students' unique identities and develop their special skills. At the beginning of each academic year universities usually organize a special event for all new international students in order to provide practical information about studying and living in Estonia. New students will get to know their fellow students, tutors, faculty, staff, university buildings and the city, where they are about to start studying.
Living in Estonia you will be living in a highly connected society, with free wireless Wi-Fi almost everywhere. Many everyday activities are made easier with various IT solutions: register a company with as little as 18 minutes, buy a cinema ticket with your mobile phone app, park your car with phone, register courses online etc. Entrepreneurship and innovative solutions are highly welcomed in Estonia, which has a strong start-up community and has also become known as the Silicon Valley of Europe. Higher education in this small EU state comes at a good value, with relatively low tuition fees, living costs and various scholarships for international students. As a student in Estonia you can take advantage of discounts and special offers generated especially for full time students. Moreover, it is possible for international students to combine their studies with a part-time or full-time job and get some extra income to cover living costs during studies.
As Estonia is such a small country, we need to come up with innovative solutions on how to be more efficient and productive. We rely on the new generations to keep improving the Estonian way of life, which is why education is so important. Luckily, we must be doing something right because according to the Programmes for International Student Assessment (PISA), the knowledge and skills of Estonian 15-year-olds in biology, geography, physics and chemistry are among the best in the world – the first in Europe and third on the global scale. This quality can also be seen in Estonian universities, as more and more international students (over 10% of the total student number) are choosing to start their studies on forward-thinking and innovative Estonian study programmes such as e-governance and cyber security.
Reasons to study in Estonia
- Estonia is an e-society, with electronic ID-cards, e-government, e-health, e-school, e-parking etc. You would be living in a very unique country!
- It takes only about 20 minutes to found your own company online and 99% of banking is done online.
- Europe's start-up hot-spot! (Forbes Magazine). As a result, Estonia has more successful start-up companies per head than in any other country in Europe, e.g. Transfer Wise, Crab CAD, Fortumo etc. And yes, we are talking about companies where even Sir Richard Branson invests!
- Home of Skype – the Skype software was developed by four Estonian engineers. Skype has an office in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, and the company also provides scholarships for bright IT students who have chosen to study in Estonia.
- Ranked 1st worldwide in air quality (World Health Organization 2013).
- Shares 1st and 2nd place with Iceland for internet freedom in the world (3rd place Canada, Freedom of the Net 2016).
- First country to offer e-residency - a transnational digital identity available to anyone in the world interested in administering a location-independent business online.
- Ranked 8th in the world for Internet access in schools (The Global Information Technology Report 2016).
- Estonia is also the only Euro zone nation to run a budget surplus. Voted as best-performing economy in Europe.
- One of the safest countries in the world.
Why Estonian Universities?
- Over 100 unique and high quality degree programmes taught fully in English
- Internationally accepted diplomas
- Various state scholarships and funding possibilities for incoming students
- English language widely spoken
- High level research projects
- Active and fun student life ? Working possibilities during studies and possibility to stay in the country for 6 months to look for a job after graduation
- The personal touch: small group sizes in classrooms
- Great value for money and affordable living ? Safe and stable environment
- Estonia ranked 1st for satisfaction with the stay in the host country institution. Source: Erasmus Network Survey 2010
92% of international students in Estonia are satisfied with the level of support they received during their studies.
Estonian Education dates back to the 14th Century when monastic and cathedral schools were founded. Today the education system is divided into 4 hierarchical phases including pre-primary, basic, secondary and higher education with provision for academic or vocational schooling within the system. Basic schooling takes 9 years from age 7 to age 16. At the end if this period, successful pupils receive a Basic School Leaving Certificate or Põhikool löputunnistus.
The 3 years of secondary school education that follow provide opportunities in 2 different streams. General academic education completes with a secondary school completion certificate called a gumnaasiumi loputunnistus, while completing secondary vocational education achieves a certificate on acquiring secondary vocational education based on basic education tunnistus pöhihariduse baasil kutsekeskhariduse omandamise kohta.
Students may go on from vocational secondary school to a post-secondary vocational institution, where they may qualify for a certificate on acquiring secondary vocational education based on secondary education (tunnistus keskhariduse baasil kutsekeskhariduse omandamise kohta) in a wide variety of subjects.
Estonia Education Tertiary university education in Estonia is spread across 3 levels, namely bachelors, masters and doctoral studies. Universities enjoy a fair degree of autonomy too, with rights to establish their curricula and admission requirements. The oldest, largest and highest-ranked university is the University of Tartu that was established by the Swedish King Gustav II Adolf in 1632. It has an extensive range of faculties, and its students enjoy exchange opportunities with many other fine universities around the world.
Intakes & Application Deadlines
Admission deadlines for applying to study English taught degree programme in Estonia are often different per programme and per institution.
- An overall of 5.5 in IELTS with no individual band less than 5.
- Plus two pass with minimum 50% marks in all subjects individually (any faculty in plus two can apply).
- No more gap then 5 years after completion of plus two is accepted.
- An overall of 6 in IELTS with no individual band less than 5.5.
- Bachelor degree completion with minimum 50% marks in all subjects individually(3 years bachelors is also valid).
- No more gap then 5years after completion of bachelor degree.
Education Costs & Scholarships
Tuition fee in Estonia is less rather than other modern countries. Fees can be varied from university to university. Normally fee of different bachelors and master program starts from 1660 euro to 7500 Euros per year.
- The government of Estonia offers several scholarships to university students, researchers, or lecturers to study and do research at public universities and institutions in Estonia.
- Scholarships in Estonia are mostly meant for master's degree and doctoral degree but in some cases scholarships are given for bachelor degrees.
Monthly living costs are around 300-500€, not including housing. Student accommodation prices in Estonia start from €100 per month in student dormitories. Some universities have student dormitories with single, double and triple rooms. Housing costs largely depend on the location and size of the flat. On average, the prices range from about €100 for a place in a double room in the hall of residence to €180–€450 or more for a private flat.
Public transport (buses, trams and trolleys) is free of charge for international students studying in Tallinn.
Working while studying
Students are allowed to work fulltime in Estonia. The temporary residence permit for studying allows students to work on the condition that work does not interfere with the studies. The average monthly salary for a student would be around 1,200 EUR
PSW / PR
All non-EU students can also stay in Estonia for an additional 9 months after their graduation (with the permission of the university) to look for a job in Estonia. Upon finding a job after graduation, they can use this time to apply for a temporary residence permit for work.
List of Universities in Estonia
- Audentes University
- Audentes University, Tartu Branch
- Concordia International University Estonia ? Estonian Academy of Arts
- Estonian Academy of Music
- Estonian Agricultural University
- Estonian Business School
- Estonian Public Service Academy
- International University Estonia
- Tallinn Institute of Technology
- Tallinn Technical University
- Tallinn University
- Tartu Medical School
- University Nord
- University of Tartu
The Five Biggest Cities of Estonia
Tallinn is the largest and the capital city of Estonia, covering an area of 159 square kilometers with a population of 443, 268. Founded in the 13th Century, Tallinn is one of the oldest cities in the northern Europe. Owing to its strategic location on the north coast, on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, the small town became a major trade hub and radically grew in importance as part of the Hanseatic League in the 14th and 16th centuries. The city is a prime financial, political, cultural, and educational center of Estonia, commonly aliased as the silicon valley of Europe. Tallinn's old town is among the best preserved gothic towns and UNESCO listed it as a world heritage site.
Tartu city comes second after Tallinn city of Estonia. It covers an area of 40 square kilometers with a population of 100,000. The locals of Estonia perceive the city as the intellectual harbor of the country particularly as it hosts the renowned University of Tartu. Almost a seventh of its populations consist of students who have made the city's nightlife flourish and active almost all year round. The city is also home to the supreme court of Estonia, Estonian National Museum, and the Ministry of Education and Research. It lays claim to being Estonia's spiritual capital with locals talking about special Tartu vaim created by the feel of its wooden houses and stately buildings and the beauty of its parks and riverfront. Its climate is rather mild considering the high altitude due to its proximity to the Baltic Sea.
Narva city covers an area of 60 square kilometers and has a population of 62,000, ranks third among the biggest cities of Estonia. This frontier location of the city, at the extreme eastern point of Estonia and bordering Russia, is the most distinguishing feature of the past and the present face of the town. At this border, two distinct cultures meet, interact, and mutually influence each other culminating into a typical architectural ensemble, appealing beauty and dramatic effect. This skillful architectural fusion resulted into the city's most prominent landmark- 51 m-high long Hermann tower, the 15th-century castle.
The strategic location of Parnu city on the southwest of Estonia, coast of Parnu Bay makes this fourth largest city of Estonia a famous summer holiday resort center. With a population of 40, 000, Parnu is the official summer capital of Estonia, hence a major tourist center in the country.
The city is a municipality in northeastern Estonia, founded in 1924 and acquired city rights in 1946. Ranking fifth among the biggest cities in Estonia,Kohtla-jarve is a major industrial center based in oil and petroleum productions. Kohtla-jarve city is ethnically diverse, consisting of people of over 40 ethnic groups. It comprises of two main parts, Jarve and Ahtime with approximate populations of 20,000 individuals in each, and set 10 km apart.