Norway is officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and a population of 5,312,300. The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden .Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the WTO, and the OECD and a part of the Schengen Area. The Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, and fresh water. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). The country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists.
Why Study in Norway
Norway is the northernmost country in Europe and includes a great variety of natural scenery. The span from the lowlands in the southeast to the spectacular fjords and high mountains and coastline in the west and north is very striking. If you enjoy hiking and huge outdoor experiences, this is a fantastic place to be. The real reason you should study in Norway is to understand why this small country is number 1 in productivity per worker, with almost 50% more gross domestic product per hour than the UK. Studying in Norway will give you a full grasp of the Scandinavian leadership model. You will understand how the inherent Norwegian mentality for equality and a flat hierarchy provide such an effective work force, by experiencing it firsthand. Since oil was discovered off the coast in 1969 Norwegians have enjoyed a high standard of living. It is a safe society and the crime rate is low. It has an attractive labour market and the unemployment rate is only 4.6 per cent. Norway has an open economy with many international corporations and extensive foreign trade. It is a welfare society where it is quite possible to combine a challenging career with family life and leisure. Norway is a world leader in industries such as oil and gas, oil and gas services, renewable energy, shipping, telecommunications, high-tech products and fish farming. If you are planning a career in any of the aforementioned industries, studying in Norway will provide you with a huge advantage. All Norwegians speak English brilliantly, and they love practising their language skills with people from other countries. They are known for being a bit reserved, but always helpful. And they make loyal friends you will keep for a lifetime. Norwegians love the outdoors. The go skiing or hiking every chance they get. Or so goes the stereotype. They also love movies, concerts and the urban lifestyle. Oslo has more rock concerts per year than Stockholm and Copenhagen combined, and plays host to a number of summer festivals.
The Education System:
The higher education system in Norway is offered at three different types of institutions:
- Universities: Any college offering at least five master programs and four doctoral programs can title themselves a university
- University Colleges: are responsible for regional education of primarily bachelor level education within the fields of nursing, teaching, business management, engineering and information technology, though most colleges also offer a number of other educations as well
- Private University Colleges: The private institutions offer primarily programs and courses within popular fields of study where the number of public places is limited or offering accelerated courses
The Bologna System
The Norwegian system of Education is regulated by the Bologna declaration. The Bologna process was initiated in 1999 when the Ministers of Education from 29 European countries signed the Bologna declaration in the Italian city of Bologna. The purpose of the process is to create educational standards for academic degrees and quality assurance, in order to make it easier for students to move from one European country to another and to improve the overall quality of European higher education. The system also incorporates aspects of the American higher education system and thus simplifies comparison. The Bologna System uses the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) to measure the amount of higher education credits.
The Bologna system, and thus the higher education system of Norway, follows the Bachelor/Master system:
Three years (180 ECTS credits) towards a professional bachelor or an academic bachelor. Offers students core teaching in the chosen discipline, as well as a broad general education. The academic bachelor gives access to master studies.
One or two years (60 or 120 ECTS credits). Provides specialized content whilst allowing for further development of the scientific research process. After obtaining a Master degree, students can choose to pursue research projects leading to a Doctorate degree (PhD).
The Bologna System also uses the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) to measure higher education credits.
Intakes & Application Deadlines
The only intake for studies in Norway is Fall (August/September)
General application deadline is December 1. However, Applications may be accepted until March 1 for few study programs/universities.
- School Leaving Certificate (10 years) + Higher Secondary Certificate (2 years) + 1 year university education
- School Leaving Certificate (10 years) + Diploma level/Proficiency Certificate in Engineering, Pharmacy or Nursing (3 years) + 1 year university education ? Passport
- Work Experience certificates if any ? IELTS score with minimum of overall 6
- 4 years Bachelors Degree (180 Credits)
- Passport ? Work Experience certificates if any
- IELTS score with minimum of overall 6
Education Costs & Scholarships
Unlike other European countries that offer free higher education for EU/EEA students, Norwegian universities offer free education to all international students, regardless of nationality as the costs are covered by the Ministry of Education and Research. A small fee must be paid to the student welfare organization every semester. Although there are no tuition fees, students must budget for living expenses. You will need a minimum of approximately NOK 8 000 per month in order to cover basic expenses.
Working while studying
International Students are allowed to work part (20 hours per week) time during studies and full time during vacation. Month of June, July and August are considered as vacation time in Denmark. During these moths students are allowed to work full time. So if you have some skills and find some relevant jobs during this time, you can make good money to support your living expenses partially. Minimum wage is NOK 155/hour.
Universities and Colleges in Norway
- Nord University.
- Norwegian University of Life Science.
- Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
- Oslo Metropolitan University.
- University of Agder.
- University of Bergen, Bergen.
- University of Oslo.
- University of Stavanger.
- University of South-Eastern Norway.
- University of Tromsoe - The Arctic University of Norway.
The Five biggest cities in Norway
The most popular areas to live in Norway are in its largest cities: Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim Stavanger and Baerum .
Oslo is Norway’s biggest and capital city that was founded in 1040 and established as a trading place in 1048. Currently, the city is the hub of industry, shipping, banking, and trade in the country. Oslo has been ranked as a "Beta World City” and is regarded as a global city. A 2011 survey by ECA International classified the city as the world’s second most expensive city after Tokyo. The population of Oslo is increasing at record rates, and it is Europe’s fastest growing city. Relatively high birth rates and high rates of international immigration have influenced the population growth in Oslo.
Bergen is located in Hordaland on Norway’s west coast. It ranks second among the biggest cities in Norway. Bergen is divided into eight boroughs and is the administrative center of Hordaland. According to tradition, the city was established by King Olav Kyrre in 1070. Bergen was Norway’s largest city until the 1830’s when Oslo replaced Bergen as the biggest city. Currently, the Bergen Port serves over half a million passengers every year. Thus, it is the busiest port in the country. The Bergen Airport, Bergen Line terminus, and Bergen Light Rail are located in the city.
Trondheim, located in Sør-Trøndelag country at the mouth of the river Nidelva, is the third most populous city in Norway. It is the administrative center of the Sør-Trøndelag county. Trondheim features the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), St. Olavs University Hospital and other renowned technology-oriented institutions. The city was founded as a trading post in 997 and during the Viking Age it served as the capital of Norway till 1217. Trondheim currently serves as the seat of the Nidaros Cathedral and the Lutheran Diocese of Nidaros.
Stavanger is the administrative center of the Rogaland county and the fourth biggest city in Norway. The city, considered to have been established in 1125, houses many 18th and 19th-century heritage buildings which are regarded as the city’s cultural heritage. The oil industry is a key industry operating in the city, and thus Stavanger and the surrounding areas are known as the Oil Capital of Norway. The city also hosts a number of higher education institutions, the largest being the University of Stavanger.
Bærum is located in Norway’s Akershus County and ranks fifth among the biggest cities in Norway. The city was founded relatively recently on January 1, 1838. The city has the highest proportion of university-educated individuals and also the highest income per capita in the country. Bærum is one of the most expensive residential municipalities in Norway and is known for its fashionable residential areas. It is regarded as the best place to live in the country.